This resulted in massive and spontaneous demonstrations and rallies held across Nepal against King Gyanendra's autocratic rule. While the political power-wrangling caused continuous instability, maintaining the established average of nine months per government, this period saw two constituent assembly elections and the rise of Madhesi nationalist parties, especially in the Eastern Terai region. With the political and constitutional crisis in Nepal escalating by the day and the ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP) undergoing a vertical split, China has stepped up … , Following the political consensus to draft the new constitution of the Republic via a constituent assembly, Nepali politics saw a rise of nationalist groups and ideologies.  Following the entry of the Maoists into the political process, they were the largest party in the first constituent assembly and Nepali Congress was the largest in the second, with no party winning a majority. Rest of World News: As the political crisis in Nepal intensifies, the Chinese ambassador in Kathmandu, Hou Yanqi, has set tongues wagging that China could be making one f. Some of the political parties of Nepal are as follows: Nepal communist party (Maoist) Nepali congress Nepal communist party (UML) Madhesi people's right forum Terai Madhesi Democratic party United communist front Nepal peasant Workers party Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Explained: Nepal Political Crisis and Why Parliament Was Dissolved.  The Panchayat loyalists formed National Democratic Party which emerged as the third major party. Moreover, Nepal was declared a secular state abrogating the previous status of a Hindu Kingdom. They attacked and defeated the last Kirati king, Gasti. A day after Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli’s Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) led … From 1991 to 2002 the Parliament (Sansad) had two chambers. Supreme Court of Nepal Advocate Dipendra Jha writes in The Kathmandu Post: "many other aspects of the new constitution are more regressive than the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2007. Jonathan Devendra. ", "Nepal Rations Fuel as Political Crisis With India Worsens", "The Secret to Resolving Madhes Andolan III Demands - Madhesi Youth", "Interview: 'For Madhesis, the first amendments to Nepal's new Constitution are a disappointment, "THRD Alliance Resistance Continues as Nepal Observes the 2nd Anniversary of Constitution Promulgation - THRD Alliance", "Interim parliament endorses Interim Constitution-2063", The Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063 (2007), The Constitution of The Kingdom of Nepal, 2047 (1990), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Politics_of_Nepal&oldid=996421464, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from February 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Democracy Index rating template users with comma, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2021, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2010, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 14:28. Massacre at the Palace: The Doomed Royal Dynasty of Nepal.  During most of the brief periods of democratic exercise in the 1950s as well as the 1990s, Nepali Congress held a majority in parliament. The judiciary has the right of judicial review under the constitution. This name list of political Parties in … On 21 April 2006, King Gyanendra declared that "power would be returned to the people". Political Parties of Nepal Following King Gyanendra’s assumption of executive powers on October 4, 2002, the multiparty system in Nepal, reintroduced in 1990 after three decades of partyless Panchayat regime, finds itself today in a state of uncertainty. , In 1990, the joint civil resistance launched by the United left front and Nepali Congress was successful in overthrowing the Panchayat, and the country became a constitutional monarchy. The remark from the Chinese government comes at a time when a section of Nepali and India media have raised questions over the ongoing meetings of Chinese leaders with the leaders of the ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP), calling it China's interference in Nepal's internal affairs amid deepening political crisis triggered by the dissolution of the House of Representatives and a vertical … Telephone lines were cut and several high-profile political leaders were detained. Finally, King Gyanendra announced the reinstatement of the House of Representatives, thereby conceding one of the major demands of the SPA, at midnight on 24 April 2006. The judiciary is composed of the Supreme Court (सर्बोच्च अदालत), Appellate courts, and various District courts.  The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) became the largest party amidst a general atmosphere of fear and intimidation from all sides. New York: Hyperion. 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